As the Confederation's court of first instance in matters dealing with patents, the Federal Patent Court rules on civil-law disputes concerning patents. It rules, for instance, on litigation over patent validity as well as patent infringement. An appeal against the decisions of the Federal Patent Court can be lodged with the Federal Supreme Court.
The Federal Patent Court has begun to operate on January 1st 2012. The seat of the Federal Patent Court is in St. Gallen. The offices are located at St. Leonhard-Strasse 49, the trials are taking place at the Federal Administrative Court at Kreuzackerstrasse 12, St. Gallen.